ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಾವರ: ರೋಟರಿ ಕ್ಲಬ್ ಕಲ್ಯಾಣಪುರ ಇವರ ಆಶ್ರಯದಲ್ಲಿ  à²•à³¦à²¬à²³ ಪ್ರಾತ್ಯಕ್ಷಿಕೆ ಮತ್ತು  à²®à²¾à²¹à²¿à²¤à²¿ ಕಾರ್ಯಾಗಾರ / Kambala information and demostraion  programme by Rotary Club, Kallianpura at Brahmavar.


jayaprakashkini/Richard D’souza
kemmannunewsnetwork, 30-03-2012 18:08:22


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Brahmavara : Rotary Club Kallianpur and Prof. Richard Rebello Fans’ Community were organised "Kambala" demostration and Information programme at Lewis Crown Garden at Aaroor near here on Thursday, 29th March, 2012.  Resource person of the day was Rotary Kallianpur Secretary & Progressive Agriculturist Rtn. Sudhir Lewis of Thonse.

Prof Richard Rebello Retired Professor of Milagres College and also Great Progressive Agriculturist was gave information on Tulunadu Kambala to large participants of the show of Kambala here.

A popular sport of a buffalo race in  Tulu naadu region of south India conducted during summer season. A pair of buffalos are made to run in a muddy water field  and a winner will be chosen . On as average 100-130 pairs of buffaloes and  20000 spectators  participate each Kambala. There are 45 known kamablas presently held between the month of November to March out of which 15 are conducted under Kambala association ( Kambala samithi) on each weekends.

A popular quote from Kambala ( courtesy : Internet ): "Hold your breath. Silence rules the air as thousands watch in stunned anticipation! The man is crouching behind the buffaloes on a slive of wood attached to the animals. Not a muscle moves. Only the wind is playing on his lock of hair. For him the race is all that matters. Suddenly the scene explodes, the man springs up, his hand cocked, his whip held high and the huge animals lunge forward, bellowing, their hooves churning the muddy waters and sending their wet spray in the hot air, their eyes wide, wild and white - man and beast engaged in one spurt of activity and one aim - victory."

History:

There are multiple opinions on the  origin of  Kambala. Some claim it was  started by kings and some say  farmers started Kambala . The history of Kambala goes to 1000 years ago to the age of kings.  The  traditional Kambala started  as a part of celebrations and entertainment  after a heavy farming work  after the end of rainy season. Over the years it flourished  in to a big sport or  kings , landowners of Tulu naadu ( Tulu region)  and it became  part of the society.   Traditional kamabla is still  in observance in  some part of south Kanara.

Another popular  form of Kamabla also born  which was more like a sport, a race between two pairs of buffalo which is current form of Kambala.  Many kings and rich landlords organized these races and  the final  winner will receive a big amount of money. And today this form of  Kambala is a big event in south Kanara and for many  it is a matter of pride, prestige , glory and money. For spectators  this is  pure entertainment and relaxation after a hardworking  farming days are over during the year before sowing the second round of crops.

Modern Kamabala

Early days one track( kare, ಕರೆ)  is used  for the race but from past 50 years  double track ( ಜೋಡು ಕರೆ ) is in use  for the  races. But single track is also in use for traditional Kambala in some regions  for conducting  time based races and training .

A runner will make a pair of Buffaloes run on a track of muddy water. The runner will be driving those buffaloes all along the race. The time is  recorded or  he gets   another competitor  on the other track to decide who is best  .

Kambala   has got different categories as every other sport in the world.

Negilu( ನೇಗಿಲು : Plough)  category:  The runner will hold the  plough ( it is not actual plough which is heavy and bulky, it is just a representation of  which is tied to pair of buffalo. This type is mostly for the Junior buffaloes or entry level buffaloes. But there is again a junior , senior rounds  in this race.
Hagga ( ಹಗ್ಗ: rope)  category: A rope is directly tied to the buffalo pair. And this is for  Senior buffaloes  as the speed is more here and the participating buffaloes are well experienced. This also has a Junior, senior levels.
Adda halage( ಅಡ್ಡ ಹಲಗೆ: cross wooden block ) category: A cross wooden plank is tied to the pair and the runner  stands on it while racing. This is just  for the senior category.
Kane halage (ಕಣೆ  ಹಲಗೆ: round wooden block): A round wooden block where the runner  stands on it on his single leg. There will be two holes in the block out of which the water forces out while running. The height of the water forcing out is measured to choose the winner. The more the speed is more the water height is. And this is only for senior most category.

The buffaloes.

These are  water buffaloes widely used for domestic purposes and  they are farmer’s true friends in south Karnataka. They are even worshipped and are part of farmer’s family. Racing buffaloes are  male and  like warriors, specially trained.

The training of buffaloes.

To train the racing buffaloes, owners build a track near their  home and make them run daily . The owners feed them with most nutritious  foods. During races they even get fruits like apples , oranges . They get special massages , some body treatments as well. Before the race owners are allowed to train on the actual racing track on which they are going to compete.

The runner

These are also specially trained people and one can easily spot them in the crowd. They are handsome, nicely shaped and very athletic . As one can guess they are like a sport persons. The owners hire them for the year and ask them to run all of their pairs of buffaloes. One runner might get multiple deals from different owners depending on his popularity. A good runner paid heavily and if he wins the bonus is also paid. Currently the deal goes 2 lakhs ( $4500) per year for a   reputed runner to participate in all of the kambalas.

The locality

A good paddy field with lots ware availability nearby is considered as ideal for Kambala track.  There should be enough space for spectators, shops , race officials to sit, hotels  around the track. Easy access to the location is also considered for deciding the track location. Some places the tracks are maintained by landlords over the generations.

There is no fixed rule for size of the track but it also depends on the availability of the space on the locality .Normally  it is  between  120 meters to 145 meters long and 8-12 meters wide.  There is a thick layer of mud and then water on it. The thumb rule is water is filled in the track  so that  it completely contains the mud( close to 1ft) .  The tracks are called by name so it is  easy for communication. In the middle of the track there are two strips of  white cloth  tied across the track  which are used as height measurements for Kane halage ( round wooden block) races. One gauge is at  9.375 meters ( called 7 1/2 kolu :ಕೋಲು ) which is the highest  and the other one is at 8.125 meters (  called 6 1/2 kolu :ಕೋಲು) .

The time

Kamabla is  conducted in several parts of two districts Udupi and Mangalore  from November  to March. It is conducted always on a weekend so that it is  possible for every participant to attend all the Kambalas .

And the race begins

The Buffaloes are brought  to Kambala place on a vehicle along with 5-6  people  who maintain them and  help in the ” launch” of the buffaloes.

All the teams will   tent around the track. The  buffaloes are worshipped  first and tied together by expert before the race begins. ( Maintaining a right amount of gap between them is very important. Small gap results in accidents or falling down and a big gap makes buffaloes go out of control)

First round starts by  eliminating  the slowest  pairs. This is done by time counting method.  The competing team gets ready , with  runner holding the plough or the rope and other members making the buffaloes stand  near the start line.  With everything in correct position runner start petting  the beasts with a nicely decorated  cane initiating the “launch” .Time is calculated to reach the finish line in case of single race.  But if it is race between two pairs it takes longer, sometimes   15-20 minutes to make both  buffalo pairs stand near the start line as they  have to be  launched  simultaneously.

The launch :It is not easy to control pair of 3 tonne beast when the race starts. They frequently beat and make them very angry which results in higher speeds. More than 4-5 people hold the buffaloes and make them ready for the run. Once everything is perfect they release and the runner starts driving these big animals.

Races are conducted in different categories  and the losers are eliminated. The race goes all the night and two pairs are finally chosen for the grand finale. Grand finale is attended by local stars, politicians, heads of famous house holds and a huge number of spectators. A big trophy and a crash prize is given during the closing ceremony.

Once the race is over the buffaloes get a nice fresh water wash and a good rest before the next race if they are not yet eliminated.

The speed and the power of  those big animals are just treat to your eyes. The spilling colored  water, the big black beasts , the runner and the screaming crowd  takes you to a different world. One might be  surprised  to see such a harmless, slow and  water loving animal can show tremendous amount of power and speed.

The Speed and the power The speed in which they run is just stunning. A good record is 140 meters track is covered in 11.306 seconds. That is 100 meters is covered in 8.07 seconds and that in a muddy water track!! Remember the olympic record for speed is 100 meters in 9.58 seconds. So the speed of the buffaloes and the runner is 45 km/hr!!. But of course the runner is not actually running by himself he is just holding the rope or the small plough( negilu) so he gets little assistance from running buffaloes.

One can easily guess the cost involved in ,  right from training buffaloes , hiring runner , transporting to different locations, food and lunch for the buffaloes and the people  is  more than the prize if  they win. And of course there very few winners. So there is no business case in this.

Kambala  is  an event full of happenings , for some it is life, for some it is pride, glory passion and prestige . Some treat this as their war of life .For some it is loosing money,  loosing life but for some it is like hitting jackpot. Some earn money but some loose.  Many families gather and unite at Kambala  but some break because of Kambala. Many make friends and some make foes too. Friends turn enemies and enemies turn friends. Kamabla is pure culture and tradition for south kanara.

Prizes were distributed after the Kambala demostration ended and Rtn Allan Lewis was conducted the closing ceremony. Great personalities were present during the occasion. Rotary Club President Ravi R. Acharya, Dr. Roshan Shetty was the chief guest. R. Sudhir Lewis of Thonse, R. Subbanna Pai, Mrs. Felcy Lewis, Thonse, Joel Lewis, Canada, Solomon Lewis, Lionnel Shila Mahado Mumbai, Lainard Nina Crasta, Allen Shalet Lewis, Sudhir Reshma Lewis, R. Vijay Mayyadi Uppor,R. Praksh Kumar Santhekatte, R. Rama Poojari, R. Giridhara Baliga, Kallianpur, R. Peter Cornelio Puttur, Ambagilu, R. Anand Shetty, Laxminagar, Mahammed Iqbal Santhekatte, Vittal Naik, R. Ramakrishna, R. Sadananda Nayak and many others were present.

The owner Prof Richard Rebello’s pair was the winner of the kambala demostration and ’Trophy’ was presented to the winners of the Kambala of the day.

Udupi March, 29: Tulunadu is known for its rich traditions and culture which is unique to this part of the country and the Kambala sports is one among them.

The Rotary Club of Kallianpur (R. D. 3180-2) has conducted a Kambala information and demostraion programme at the Crown Garden of Aroor near Bhahmavar.

As part of this programme, A felicitation was held to the Rachana Award Winner (Rachana Agriculturist for the year 2010) and rain harvest specialist, Ex Prof of Milagres College, Kallianpur, a well known agriculturist of Heroor in Kundapur Sri Richard Rebello by Kallianpur Rotary Club President Ravi R. Acharya.

Dr. Roshan Shetty was the chief guest. R. Sudhir Lewis of Thonse, R. Subbanna Pai, Mrs. Felcy Lewis, Thonse, Joel Lewis, Canada, Solomon Lewis, Lionnel Shila Mahado Mumbai, Lainard Nina Crasta, Allen Shalet Lewis, Sudhir Reshma Lewis, R. Vijay Mayyadi Uppor,R. Praksh Kumar Santhekatte, R. Rama Poojari, R. Giridhara Baliga, Kallianpur, R. Peter Cornelio Puttur, Ambagilu, R. Anand Shetty, Laxminagar, Mahammed Iqbal Santhekatte, Vittal Naik, R. Ramakrishna, R. Sadananda Nayak and many others were present during the programme.

ಉಡುಪಿ:ಮಾ,29. ರೋಟರಿ ಕ್ಲಬ್ ಕಲ್ಯಾಣಪುರ (ರೋ.ಜಿಲ್ಲೆ 3180,ವಲಯ-2) ಇವರ ಆಶ್ರಯದಲ್ಲಿ ತುಳುನಾಡ ಜಾನಪದ ಗ್ರಾಮೀಣ ಕ್ರೀಡೆಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಒ೦ದಾದ ಕ೦ಬಳ ಪ್ರಾತ್ಯಕ್ಷಿಕೆ ಮತ್ತು  ಮಾಹಿತಿ ಕಾರ್ಯಾಗಾರವು  ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಾವರದ ಆರೂರಿನ ಕ್ರೌವ್ನ್ ಗಾರ್ಡನ್ ನಲ್ಲಿ  ಗುರುವಾರದ೦ದು ನಡೆಯಿತು.

ಈ ಕಾರ್ಯಕ್ರಮದ ಅ೦ಗವಾಗಿ ಕು೦ದಾಪುರದ ಹೇರೂರಿನ  ಪ್ರಗತಿಪರ ಕೃಷಿಕರಾಗಿರುವ  ಹಾಗೂ ಮಳೆನೀರು ಕೊಯ್ಲಿಲು ತಜ್ಞರಾಗಿರುವ ರಿಚರ್ಡ್ ರೆಬೆಲ್ಲೋ ರವರನ್ನು ಕಲ್ಯಾಣಪುರ ರೋಟರಿ ಕ್ಲಬ್ ಹಾಗೂ ರಿಚಾರ್ಡ್ರೆಬೆಲ್ಲೋ ರವರ ಅಭಿಮಾನಿ ಬಳಗದ ಪರವಾಗಿ  ಕಲ್ಯಾಣಪುರ ರೋಟರಿ ಕ್ಲಬ್ ಅಧ್ಯಕ್ಷದಾರ ರವಿ  ಆರ್ ಆಚಾರ್ಯರವರು ಹಾಗೂ ಜಿಲ್ಲಾ ಸಹಾಯಕ ಗವರ್ನರ್ ದೇವಾನ೦ದರವರ ಉಪಸ್ಥಿತಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸನ್ಮಾನಿಸಲಾಯಿತು.

ಡಾ.ರೋಷನ್ ಶೆಟ್ಟಿರವರು ಸಮಾರ೦ಭದ ಮುಖ್ಯ ಅತಿಥಿಯಾಗಿ ಆಗಮಿಸಿದ್ದರು.

ಪ್ರಗತಿಪರ ಕೃಷಿಕ ರಾದ ರೋ.ಸುಧೀರ್ ಲೂವಿಸ್ ರವರು ಕಾರ್ಯಕ್ರಮದ ಸ೦ಪನ್ಮೂಲ ವ್ಯಕ್ತಿಯಾಗಿದ್ದರು.

ಕಾರ್ಯಕ್ರಮದಲ್ಲಿ ಕಲ್ಯಾಣಪುರ ರೋಟರಿ ಕ್ಲಬ್ ಹಿರಿಯ ಸದಸ್ಯರಾದ ರೋ. ಸುಬ್ಬಣ್ಣ ಪೈ , ಶ್ರೀಮತಿ ಫೆಲ್ಸಿ ಲೂವಿಸ್ ತೋನ್ಸೆ, ಜೋಯಲ್ ಲೂವಿಸ್ ಕೆನಡಾ, ಸೊಲಮನ್ ಲೂವಿಸ್, ಲೈನಲ್ ಶೀಲಾ ಮಚಾದೂ ಮು೦ಬೈ, ಲೆನಾರ್ಡ್ ನೀನಾ ಕ್ರಾಸ್ತ, ಎಲೆನ್ ಶಾಲೆಟ್ ಲೂವಿಸ್ , ಸುಧೀರ್ ರೇಶ್ಮಲೂವಿಸ್, ರೋ.ವಿಜಯ ಮಾಯಾಡಿ ಉಪ್ಪೂರು, ರೋ. ಪ್ರಕಾಶ್ ಕುಮಾರ್ ಸ೦ತೆಕಟ್ಟೆ, ರೋ.ರಾಮಪೂಜಾರಿ, ರೋ.ಗಿರಿಧರ ಬಾಳಿಗ ಕಲ್ಯಾಣಪುರ, ರೋ.ಪೀಟರ್ ಕರ್ನೇಲಿಯೋ ಪೂತ್ತೂರು ಅ೦ಬಾಗಿಲು, ರೋ. ಆನ೦ದ ಶೆಟ್ಟಿ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀನಗರ, ಮಹಮ್ಮದ್ ಇಕ್ಬಾಲ್ ಸ೦ತೆಕಟ್ಟೆವಿಠಲ್ ನಾಯ್ಕ್ , ರೋ.ರಾಮಕ್ರಷ್ಣ, ರೋ.ಸದಾನ೦ದ ನಾಯಕ್ ಮೊದಲಾದವರು ಹಾಜರಿದ್ದರು.

Comments on this Article
Jossey Saldanha, Mangalore/Mapusa/Mumbai Mon, April-2-2012, 7:05
Our Buffaloes are not going to run in the OLYMPICS and looking at the way how these buffaloes are treated during the race, I would appreciate if we use all these resources to train our kids instead to run 100 meters in 9.57 seconds.
Agree[0]
Sadanada P, Udupi Fri, March-30-2012, 6:50
These pictures are stunning the images here are best viewed in any PC because the quality and the pixels combination are well adjusted according to the available light source and the angle. Mr Jayprakash Kini is one of the best reporters who reach every difficult terrain. Thanks Mr Kini for such wonderful pictures from Arror village, I think the later part of the programme will be updated where Prof Rebello was honoured for his achievement in agriculture. The man made water race track in this summertime is really appreciable. Thanks to the organisers Rotary and the Lewis family they contribute a lot for the nature and the agriculture they will be rewarded in abundant from Mother Nature. Congratulations to Prof Rebello.
Agree[0]
Clinton, Dubai Fri, March-30-2012, 6:05
So many known faces, good pictures, good programme rotarians.
Agree[0]
Ragavendra, India Fri, March-30-2012, 4:53
Good programme by kallianpur rotarians, good to know that Prof. Richard Rebello is Rain water harvest specialist.. Congratulations sir and excellent pictures by kini/kemmannu.com.
Agree[0]
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